International Journal of Communication

International Journal of Communication is an interdisciplinary open access journal of communication studies that focuses on issues, trends and developments/innovations in all aspects of communication in society. It aims at providing an international forum for scholarship in the mass media and communication studies advocacy. Studies on communication in the arts, social sciences, technology, education and law are welcome from scholars all over the world. The idea is to bring together scholars from the various parts of the globe and constitute a critical forum for the study of the media and communication in a globalized world in the context of the new Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs). The Journal offers a transnational opportunity for researchers in international and intercultural studies. The journal is published by the Communication Studies Forum (CSF), Department of Mass Communication, Faculty of Art, University of Nsukka, Enugu State., Nigeria.

All contributions should be addressed to the Editor-in-Chief, the International Journal of Communication, Communication Studies Forum (CSF), Department of Mass Communication, Faculty of Arts, University of Nigeria, Nsukka Enugu State, Nigeria.
(c) Communication Studies Forum (CSF)

Important Information
Kindly note the following about the Journal:

Article Process Charge: The article processing charge for this journal is N5,000 only. Authors of accepted papers will also be required to pay N20,000 publication fee.

Plagiarism Policy: All articles will be subjected to plagiarism check to determine their originality.

Open Access Policy: All published articles are freely available to all readers.

Copyright: All contributors still retain the copyright of their work.

Review Process: All manuscripts will undergo double blind peer review before being accepted or rejected.

Use of contents: Contents should not be used for commercial purposes. Users must acknowledge sources accordingly.

Waiver Policy: The Journal currently has no waiver policy because our contents are freely available to all readers.

Editorial Board


Prof. Okoro Nnanyelugo (Ph.D; fiia, rpa), University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria (

Special Duties Editor
Gever, Verlumun Celestine, University of Nigeria, Nsukka (

Associate Editors

Prof. Ike Ndolo Enugu State University of Science and Technology

Prof Cornelius Pratt, Temple University, Philadelphia
Dr Rajani Ganesh-Pillai – Marketing Communication Specialist – North Dakota State University.
Prof. Chuka Onwumechili, Howard University, Washington
Prof. Cosmos Nwokeafor, Bowie State University
Prof Chris Ulasi Texas Southern University Houston Texas, United States
Prof Eronini Megwa, University of Texas.

Prof. N.F. Inyama, University of Nigeria, Nsukka

Grayham Mytton Roffeys Coldharbour Surey, United Kingdom

Review Editors

Associate Editors

Sr. Dr Chika Asogwa, Federal University, Ekiti Nigeria (

Dr. Greg H. Ezeah University of Nigeria Nsukka (
PRO. B.M MBA, University of Nigeria, Nsukka

Dr. Jude Agbo, University of Nigeria, Nsukka

Dr. John Amifor (rpa), Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Anambra State, Nigeria

Circulation/Subscription Managers

Dr Michael Ukonu, University of Nigeria, Nsukka

Secretary to the Editorial Board

Dr Anthony Ekwueme, University of Nigeria, Nsukka

Assistant Secretary
DR. Oluchukwu Wogu, University of Nigeria, Nsukka

Editorial Consultants

Prof Umaru Pate, Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria
Prof. Charles C. Okigbo, University of South Dakota, USA

Prof. Desmond Wilson, University of Uyo, Nigeria
Prof. O. K. Oyeoku, University of Nigeria, Nsukka

Prof. Nkerewem Udoakah, University of Uyo


All correspondents should be addressed to:

the Editor-in-Chief,

International Journal of Communication,

Communication Studies Forum,

Department  of Mass Communication, University of Nigeria, Nsukka.

 International Journal of Communication