Soil Science

Both soil and land are basic natural resources and their care and management are also basic to survival of any nation. Sound training is required for their sustainable use to serve mankind. The philosophy of the Department of Soil Science programme generally centres on producing graduates that are well versed in sustainable agricultural production, environmental quality control and sustainability. The Department believes that rapid changes in scientific approaches to soil studies and environmental issues including climate change impact on land qualities can only be well addressed by adequate and enhanced university training in soil and land management. Thus, this programme is designed to provide a broad theoretical and practical training in agricultural sciences and land management which are relevant in Nigeria in particular and the world at large.
The main objectives of the Department are to provide broad practical and theoretical training in the basic agricultural sciences and land management, and to produce highly skilled graduates who have acquired the resources to meet the agricultural, developmental and environmental needs of Nigeria and the world at large. The departmental academic programme is developed based on the need to meet the nation’s drive for increased food production, and effective transformation of agriculture as well as the promotion of sustainable use of soil, land and water resources.
The programme aims specifically to produce graduates:
– with skills in soil and land management for increasing the productivity of agricultural lands and sustainable environment.
– well-versed in soil resource and water conservation techniques for sustainable land use and management
that are endowed with adequate knowledge and skills for research and development (R & D) in soil and land management, environmental sustainability and quality control.
– with theoretical and practical knowledge on the use of Global Positioning System (GPS) instruments in land management and climate change research.
The soil science and land management programme captures its three main roles in agricultural production, environmental studies and management of soil resources.
This programme covers various aspects of land management, land evaluation, environment, geographic information systems (GIS), climate and climate change issues, biogeography, forestry, and waste management. Other major courses covered in the programme are pedology, soil genesis, survey, classification, chemistry , mineralogy, biology, biochemistry, soil physics, soil and water conservation and fertility management (agronomy).
The programme provides training on basic agricultural sciences for the first three years and a full years practical training in approved farms and other agro-based establishments during the fourth year. Field trips are part of the fourth year requirements and are usually made to relevant research institutes such as the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), Ibadan, Nigerian Institute for Oil Palm Research (NIFOR), Benin, Cocoa Research Institute of Nigeria (CRIN), Ibadan, Satellite Centre, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ife, etc.
In the final year the students are given intensive training in the areas of soil survey, genesis, classification and land evaluation and management; soil physics and hydrology including irrigation and drainage practices; soil and water conservation, soil chemistry and fertility as well as soil biology and biochemistry.
The Department also offers service courses to the Departments of Agricultural and Bio-resources Engineering, Vocational Teacher Education (VTE- Agricultural Education option), Estate Management in addition to the courses taken by all B. Agriculture students in their first four years in the Faculty of Agriculture.
Admission Policy
The Department admits students by Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination (UTME) and Direct Entry
a. Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination(UTME) for
i. Credit passes at not more than two sittings in English Language,
Mathematics or Physics, Chemistry, Biology or Agricultural Science and
any other two subjects in the senior Secondary School Certificate (SSSC)
examination or the West African School Certificate examination
(WASCE) or its equivalent.
b. Direct entry for four-year-programme
i. Pass in Chemistry and Biology or Agricultural Science at Higher School Certificate (principal levels) Examination.
ii. At least credit passes at OND or NCE with Agricultural Science major
iii. First degree in relevant fields
Staff Profile