Water and Public Health Research Group (WPHRG)

 

Name: Water and Public Health Research Group (WPHRG)

 

Motivation:

The quality and availability of water are powerful determinants of health, economic growth and social development. Yet, over the years, little research has been done in this area our University. There is therefore a great need for a trans-faculty research group that study water, public health and development through multidisciplinary approaches. WPHRG, University of Nigeria, Nsukka was established in June 2013 to contribute in advancing knowledge and best practices in this area through cutting- edge research on water and dissemination of research findings. The research focus covers water science, technology and Economics.

 

Research Themes/Interests:

  • Water quality
  • Water economics
  • Water resources management
  • Water and sanitation
  • Water treatment
  • Wastewater treatment
  • Waterborne and water-related diseases
  • Water, wastewater and renewable energy
  • Water pollution and environmental health
  • Water and gender
  • Water governance
  • Water literacy and awareness

 

Research Team:

Dr Vincent N. Chigor (PhD in Microbiology; Leader)

Dr Ebele Amaechina (PhD in Agricultural Economics)

Prof. Jonah C. Agunwamba (Civil Engineering)

Prof. James C. Ogbonna (PhD in Applied Biochemistry)

Dr Nnamdi L. Obasi (PhD in Chemistry)

Mr. Uche Oyeagu (BSc [Hons.] in Microbiology)

Prof. Bennett C. Nwanguma (PhD in Biochemistry)

 

PhD students; MSc students; Final year Honours students

 

 

 

 

Existing Collaborations:

Bangor University, UK; University of Fort Hare, South Africa; Centre Suisse de Recherches Scientifiques (CSRS), Cote d’Ivoire, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria, Nigerian Institute for Medical Research, Yaba, Lagos, Nigeria

 

 

Grants/ Supports:

2013-2015: The Royal Society–DFID Capacity Building Initiative-Network Grant (£25,000)

 

Ongoing Projects:

  1. Evaluation of UNN wastewater treatment plant as a reservoir of enteric viral and bacterial pathogens and risks for human health to consumers of freshproduce irrigated with effluent water.
  2. Assessment microalgae potentials for wastewater treatment and use sewage as a medium for biodiesel production
  3. Mathematical modeling aspects of studies to assess microalgae potentials for wastewater treatment.
  4. Determination of physicochemical characteristics of freshwater samples and presence of heavy metals.
  5. Assessment of the impact of the use of wastewater/effluent and untreated river water in fresh produce irrigation on livelihoods amongst rural women

 

 

 

Brief Profiles Research Team Members

Team Leader: Vincent N Chigor

Senior Lecturer at the Department of Microbiology, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, 410001 Nigeria

Phone: +2348035010306; E-mail: vincent.chigor@unn.edu.ng

Academic Qualifications:

PhD (Microbiology), 2013

MSc. (Microbiology), 2004

BSc (Microbiology), 1997

Appointments with dates:

Senior Lecturer, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria; Oct. 2013 – Date

Lecturer I, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria; Oct. 2010 – Sep. 2013.

Tutor, Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology, University of Fort Hare, Alice, South Africa; Feb. 2011 – Oct. 2012.

Lecturer II, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria; Oct. 2007– Sep. 2010.

Assistant Lecturer, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria; Sep. 2006 – Sep. 2007

 

 

Ten recent publications:

  1. Chigor, V.N., Sibanda, T. and Okoh, A.I. (2014). Assessment of human health risks from adenoviruses, hepatitis A virus, rotaviruses and enteroviruses in the Buffalo River and three source water dams in the Eastern Cape Province, South Africa. Food and Environmental Virology, 6: 87–98. doi: 10.1007/s12560-014-9138-4.
  2. Sibanda, T., Chigor, V.N., Koba, S., Obi, L.C. and Okoh, A.I. (2014). Characterisation of the physicochemical qualities of a typical rural-based river: ecological and public health implications. International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, 11: 1771–1780. doi: 10.1007/s13762-013-0376-z.
  3. Chigor, V.N., Sibanda, T. and Okoh, A.I. (2013). Studies on the bacteriological qualities of the Buffalo River and three source water dams along its course in the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 20: 4125–4136. doi: 10.1007/s11356-012-1348-4.
  4. Chigor, V.N., Sibanda, T. and Okoh, A.I. (2013). Variations in the physicochemical characteristics of the Buffalo River in the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 185: 8733–8747. doi: 10.1007/s10661-013-3208-1.
  5. Igbinosa, I.H., Chigor, V.N., Igbinosa, E.O., Obi, L.C. and Okoh, A.I. (2013). “Antibiogram, adhesive characteristics, and incidence of class 1 integron in Aeromonas species isolated from two South African rivers. BioMed Research International, 2013, Article ID 127570, 8 pages. doi:10.1155/2013/127570.
  6. Chigor, V.N. and Okoh, A.I. (2012). Quantitative RT-PCR detection of hepatitis A virus, rotaviruses and enteroviruses in the Buffalo River and source water dams in the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 9: 4017-4032. doi: 10.3390/ijerph9114017.
  7. Chigor, V.N. and Okoh, A.I. (2012). Quantitative detection and characterization of human adenoviruses in the Buffalo River in the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa. Food and Environmental Virology, 4: 198-208. doi: 10.1007/s12560-012-9090-0.
  8. Chigor, V.N., Umoh, V. J., Okuofu, C.A., Ameh, J.B., Igbinosa, E.O. and Okoh, A. I. (2012). Water quality assessment: surface water sources used for drinking and irrigation in Zaria, Nigeria are a public health hazard. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 184: 3389–3400. doi: 10.1007/s10661-011-2396-9.
  9. Chigor, V.N., Umoh, V.J., Smith, S.I., Igbinosa, E.O. and Okoh, A.I. (2010). Multidrug resistance and plasmid patterns of Escherichia coli O157 and other coli isolated from diarrhoeal stools and surface waters from some selected sources in Zaria, Nigeria. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 7: 3831-3841. doi: 10.3390/ijerph7103831.
  10. Chigor,V.N., Umoh, V.J. and Smith, S.I. (2010). Occurrence of Escherichia coli O157 in a river used for fresh produce irrigation in Nigeria. African Journal of Biotechnology, 9: 178-182.

 

Team member: Jonah C Agunwamba

Professor at the Department of Civil Engineering, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, 410001 Nigeria Phone: +2348035644561; E-mail: jcagunwamba@yahoo.com

Academic Qualifications:

PhD (Environmental Engineering), 1992

M.Eng. (Water Resources), 1987

B.Eng. (Civil Engineering), 1984

Appointments with dates:

Associate Professor, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, 1997 – 2000

Senior Lecturer, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, 1994 – 1997

Lecturer I, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, 1991 – 1994

Lecturer II, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, 1989 – 1991

Assistant Lecturer, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, 1988 – 1989

Five recent publications:

  1. Okoro, B.C., Nwadike, D.A., and Agunwamba, J.C. (2013). Prediction of remediation rates of Microbes in Polluted Crude Oil Soil Samples. Environment and Natural Resources Research, 3(3), 89-97.
  2. Agunwamba, J. C., Ademiluyi, J. O. and Obasi, N. L. (2012). Spatial Variations and Distributions of Some Waste Stabilization Pond Parameters Journal of Engineering Research, 17(1), 73 – 82.
  3. O. Okafor, J. C. Agunwamba and Obasi, N. L. (2011). Selection or Chemical Demulsifier for Crude Oil Pollution Control. J. Engrg Res. 16(4), 79 – 91.
  4. Agunwamba, J. C., Utsev J. T. and Okonkwo I. (2009). Solar Enhanced waste water     treatment in waste stabilization ponds. Water Environment Research, 81(5), 540-545.
  5. Ekenta, O.E., Agunwamba, J.C. and Anyetta B.U.F. (2009). Modelling the Deposition of Suspended Solids in Granular Media Deep-bed Filters for Water Treatment. International Journal of Science and Technological Research, 5(1&2), 109-119.

 

 

Team member: Nnamdi L Obasi

Senior Lecturer at the Dept. of Pure and Industrial Chemistry,, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, 410001 Nigeria.

Phone: +2348037717717; E-mail: nnamdi.obasi@unn.edu.ng

Academic Qualifications:

PhD (Inorganic Chemistry), 2011

M.Sc (Inorganic Chemistry), 2004

B.Sc ([Hons.] Industrial Chemistry), 1999

Appointments with dates:

Senior Lecturer, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Oct. 2011 till date

Lecturer I, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Oct. 2008- Sept 2011.

Lecturer II, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Oct. 2005-Sept.2008.

Assistant Lecturer, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, May 2004-Sept. 2005.

Graduate Assistant, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Sept. 2001-May 2004

Five recent publications:

  1. Obasi, L. N., O. B. Okoye, and A. O. Anaga; (2014): Syntheses, Characterization, and Antimicrobial Screening of N-(benzothiazol-2-yl)-2-nitrobenzenesulphonamide and its Cu(I), Ni(II), Mn(II), Co(II) and Zn(II) Complexes, Chemistry and Material Research, 6(3), 140-150.
  2. Obasi, L. N., O. B. Okoye, P. O. Ukoha, and K. F. Chah; (2013): Syntheses, Characterization and Antimicrobial Screening of N-(benzothiazol-2- yl)-4-methylbenzenesulphonamide and its Cu(I), Ni(II), Mn(II), Co(III) and Zn(II) Complexes, Asian Journal of Chemistry, 25 (5), 2369-2376.
  3. Agunwamba, J. C., Ademiluyi, J. O. and Obasi, N. L. (2012). Spatial Variations and Distributions of Some Waste Stabilization Pond Parameters Journal of Engineering Research, 17(1), 73 – 82.
  4. Obasi, L. N., M. Ejikeme, and A. C. C. Egbuonu; (2011): Antimicrobial and Phytochemical Evaluation of Methanolic Extract and Fractions of Jatropha Curcas Linn (Eurphorbiaceae) Stem Bark, African Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry, 5 (5), 92-96.
  5. Obasi, L. N., C. C. Egbuonu, P. O. Ukoha and P. M. Ejikeme; (2010): Comparative Phytochemical and Antimicrobial Screening of some solvent extracts of Samanea saman (fabaceae or mimosaceae) pods, African Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry 4 (9), 206-212

 

 

Team member: Ebele C Amaechina

Senior Lecturer at the Department of Agricultural Economics, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, 410001 Nigeria

Phone: +2348035010306; E-mail: ebele.amaechina@unn.edu.ng

Academic Qualifications:

PhD (Natural Resource and Environmental Economics), 2013

MSc. (Agricultural Economics), 2000

BSc (Agricultural Economics), 1995

Involvement in the project:

Assessment of the impact of the use of wastewater/effluent and untreated river water in fresh produce irrigation on livelihoods amongst rural women

Appointments with dates:

Lecturer I, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria, Oct. 2009- Date.

Lecturer II, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria, Oct. 2006-Sept.2009.

Assistant Lecturer, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria, May 2005-Sept. 2006.

Assistant Lecturer, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Nigeria, Oct. 2003 – April 2005

Five recent publications:

 

 

Team member: James C Ogbonna

Professor at the Department of Microbiology, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, 410001 Nigeria

Phone: +2348035010306; E-mail: james.ogbonna@unn.edu.ng

Academic Qualifications:

PhD (Applied Biochemistry), 1991

  1. Engrg. (Fermentation Technology), 1988

BSc (Botany), 1982

Appointments with dates:

Professor, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria, August, 2006 – Date

Visiting Professor, University of Tsukuba, Japan October, 2012 – October, 2013

Professor, Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki, Nigeria, June, 2002-July, 2006.

Associate Professor, University of Tsukuba, Japan December, 1995-May, 2002

Assistant professor, University of Tsukuba, Japan December, 1993-November, 1995

Five recent publications:

  1. Nwuche, C. O., Aoyagi, H. and Ogbonna J. C. (2013). Lipase production from palm oil effluent mill by Aspergillus terreus immobilized on loofa sponge. Journal of Applied Sciences 13(24): 5661 – 5671.
  2. Fujita, T., Ogbonna, J. C., Aoyagi, H., Tanaka, H. (2009). Effects of reactive oxygen species on alfa tocopherol production in mitochondria and chloroplast of Euglena gracilis. Appl. Phycol. 21: 185-191.
  3. Ogbonna J. C. (2009). Mocrobiological production of tocopherols: current state and prospects. Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 84: 217 – 225.
  4. Fujita, T., Ogbonna, J. C., Aoyagi, H., Tanaka, H. (2008). Effects of mixed organic substrate on alfa tocopherol production by Euglena gracilis in photoheterotrophic culture. Appl. Microbiolo. Biotechnol. 79: 371-378.
  5. Hideno, A., Ogbonna, J. C., Aoyagi, H., Tanaka, H. (2007). Acetylation of loofa (Luffa cylindrica) sponge as immobilization carrier for bioprocesses involving cellulase enzymes. J. Bioscience and Bioengineering,103(4), 311-317.

 

 

Team member: Bennett C. Nwanguma

Professor at the Department of Biochemistry, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, 410001 Nigeria

Phone: +2348063655062; E-mail: bennett.nwanguma@unn.edu.ng

Academic Qualifications:

MSc (Molecular Biology), 2002

PhD (Biochemistry), 1998

MSc (Biochemistry), 1991

BSc (Biochemistry), 1986

Appointments with dates:

Professor, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria; Oct. 2013 – Date

Senior Lecturer, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria; Oct. 2000- Sept. 2013

Five recent publications:

Nwanguma, B. C and Okorie, C. H. (2013). Salt (sodium chloride) content of retail samples of Nigerian bread: implications for the daily salt intake of normotensive and hypertensive adults. Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics, 26 (5), 488 – 493.

Nwanguma, B.C., Kalu, I., Ezeanyika, L. U. S. (2009). Seroprevalence of anti Chlamydia IgA antibodies in a Nigerian population: Diagnostic significance and implications for the heterosexual transmission of HIV. Internet Journal of Infectious Diseases, 7 (2).

Nwanguma, B. C. and Alumanah, E. O. (2009). Concurrent giardiasis and amoebiasis infections in Nigerian children diagnosed with Plasmodium falciparum malaria: Prevalence and pathophysiological implications’. Internet Journal of Tropical Medicine, 6 (1)

Alumanah, E. O. and Nwanguma, B. C. (2007) Severity of anaemia in Nigerian children diagnosed with Plasmodium falciparum malaria in the first year of life. Journal of Rural and Tropical Public Health. 5, 11 – 15.

Dozie I . N. S Chukwuocha, U.M., Obiukwu, C.U., Onwuliri, C.O.E., Nwoke, B.E.B., Ukaga, C., Nwanguma, B. C., Njemanze, P.C., Okoro, I.C., Anosike, J.C, and Chikwendu, C.I. (2007). Satellite technology and control of parasitic diseases in Africa: an overview. Nigerian Journal of Parasitology 28, 47-53.

 

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