The reproductive biology of Clarias ebriensis, C. agboyiensis, C. macromystax and C. buthupogon was investigated over a period of 32 months in Anambra River basin, Nigeria. Immature (stage I) C. ebriensis and C. agboyiensis were recruited into the fishery in October, and in September in C. macromystax and C. buthupogon. The occurrence of mature (stage III) fish all the year round indicated the potential of the Clarias species to breed at any time of the year. C. ebriensis bred from April–September while breeding occurred from May–September in the other species. The clariids matured between their first and second year of life. C. ebriensis females matured earlier than males but the reserve was the case in C. agboyiensis, C. macromystax and C. buthupogon. Ovary weight was a better indicator of egg number than either total length or body weight in all species. Communal spawning is reported for the first time in Clarias species and its significance to survival discussed.
Hydrobiologia 08/1992; 242(3):155-164. DOI:10.1007/BF00019964