Water infiltration, runoff and soil loss were investigated in an oxisol in Southeastern Nigeria under six management practices. The infiltration rates ranged from 235 mm h−2 to 947 mm h−1. Annual runoff and soil loss of up to 204 mm and 55 t/ha, respectively, were recorded in the bare fallow plots, whereas in the mulched maize plots the values were as low as 12 mm and 0.9 t/ha, respectively. No runoff or soil loss was recorded under three vegetative covers tested. Surface crusting was noted to be the major cause of the runoff and soil loss.
Agricultural Water Management 02/1982; 5(3-5):193-203. DOI:10.1016/0378-3774(82)90042-7