The subunit MW of Dioscorea bulbifera polyphenol oxidase (MW 115 000 ± 2000) determined by SDS-PAGE is ca. 31 000 indicating that the enzyme is an oligomeric protein with four subunits. Ki values of various inhibitors and their modes of inhibition have been determined with catechol and pyrogallol as substrates. p-Nitrophenol, p-cresol, quinoline and resorcinol are competitive inhibitors of catechol binding while only orcinol and p-nitrophenol behave in the same way towards pyrogallol as substrate. From the effect of pH on Vmax, groups with pK values ca. 4.7 and 6.8 have been identified to be involved in catalytic activity. The Arrhenius activation energy (Ea) at pH 4.0 is 8.9 kcal/mol between 40–65°. At pH 7.0, the value is 22.1 kcal/mol between 40 and 60°. The enthalpies (ΔH) at pH 4.0 and pH 7.0 are 2.3 kcal/mol and 32.4 kcal/mol respectively. The results are discussed considering the conformational changes of the enzyme during substrate binding.
Phytochemistry 01/1982; 21(8):1889-1893. DOI:10.1016/0031-9422(82)83009-4