Arrested development of Haemonchus, Cooperia and Trichostrongylus spp. was studied in (1) 14 naturally infected and eight experimentally infected West African Dwarf (WAD) goats reared in the derived savanna zone of eastern Nigeria and (2) 55 naturally infected slaughter goats obtained from the savanna and sahel regions of northern Nigeria. Six of the WAD goats carried natural infections of H. contortus and T. colubriformis and eight other (tracer) goats acquired their infections from a grass paddock artificially contaminated with H. placei, C. pectinata and C. punctata, during May to October. Another three WAD goats were artificially infected with mixed cultures of L3 of the latter three nematodes, while five goats were inoculated with 1500-2000 L3 of H. contortus harvested from cultures incubated at 25-30 degrees C for 8 days either in the dark or under normal laboratory conditions. Approximately 41% (9/22) of the infected WAD goats harboured arrested larvae of Haemonchus and/or Cooperia. No arrested larvae of Trichostrongylus were found in the six animals that were infected with this nematode. The level of inhibition varied from 0.4 to 20% and only three animals showed greater than 10% inhibition. This very low level of inhibition occurred in naturally and experimentally acquired infections, irrespective of the time of year. In the case of Haemonchus, the species and strain of the parasite and infection with L3 cultured in the dark also appeared not to influence the level of inhibition. By contrast, 65.5% (36/55) and 5.5% (3/55) of the northern savanna and sahel goats harboured arrested larvae of H. contortus and T. colubriformis, respectively. The mean percentage inhibition of the former was low (2-25%) during most of the rainy season (June-August) and high (75-90%) during the late rains and the dry season (October-April). The lowest and highest mean percentage inhibitions occurred during July and November, respectively.
Veterinary Parasitology 05/1988; 28(1-2):103-13. DOI:10.1016/0304-4017(88)90022-2